A constituent institute of the University of Allahabad

Ongoing Projects

 

Monitoring & Evaluation of Sarva Siksha Abhiyan in 21 Districts of Uttar Pradesh (2013-15)

(S. K. Pant)

The whole exercise of monitoring and evaluation has been carried out on the basis of terms of reference (TOR) prepared by Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India and covers a total number of 40 schools available in each of the district. Adequate care has been taken to include every type of school in the sample even if their presentation was quite small. The study covers 21 districts of Uttar Pradesh namely Kanpur Nagar, Aligarh, Jalaun, Banda, Mainpuri, Kannauj, Chitrakoot, Auraiya, Agra, Etah, Kanpur Dehat (Ramabai Nagar), Hamirpur, Lalitpur, Farrukhabad, Kanshiramnagar, Mahoba, Jhansi, Hathras, Mathura, Etawah and Firozabad respectively.

The study conducted with the objectives of (i) assessment and analysis of the implementation of the approved interventions and processes underlying these interventions at the habitation and school level keeping in view the overarching goals of these schemes and the provisions under RTE Act, 2009 and (ii) identification of the social, cultural, linguistic or other barriers coming in the way of successful implementation of the schematic interventions and attainment of these goals.

The study comprehensively establishes that SSA has succeeded in enhancing the state of physical infrastructure, enrolment level of students etc. since its inception in 2001. However in many areas a like soliciting support through parent-teacher association, training of teachers, providing basic facilities like playground, games kit, toilet etc., not much has been achieved. The study also shows that in quite a large proportion of schools, the teachers were not using teaching and learning materials which was aimed of enhancing the quality of teaching. Similarly, these schools also suffered from weak supervision and other support services.

Likewise, in case of Mid Day Meal (MDM), though in sizeable proportion of schools, it was being implemented however in some smaller proportion of schools, it was still not being provided which was in contravention of the SSA guidelines.   

Monitoring & Evaluation of Sarva Siksha Abhiyan in 10 Districts of Jammu Provision (2013-15)

(S. K. Pant)

The whole exercise of monitoring and evaluation has been carried out on the basis of terms of reference (TOR) prepared by Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India and covers a total number of 40 schools available in each of the district. Adequate care has been taken to include every type of school in the sample even if their presentation was quite small. The study covers 10 districts of Jammu provision namely Jammu, Kathua, Rajauri, Samba, Reasi, Poonch, Udhampur, Doda, Kishtwar and Ramban respectively.

The study conducted with the objectives of (i) assessment and analysis of the implementation of the approved interventions and processes underlying these interventions at the habitation and school level keeping in view the overarching goals of these schemes and the provisions under RTE Act, 2009 and (ii) identification of the social, cultural, linguistic or other barriers coming in the way of successful implementation of the schematic interventions and attainment of these goals.

The study comprehensively establishes that SSA has succeeded in enhancing the state of physical infrastructure, enrolment level of students etc. since its inception in 2001. However in many areas a like soliciting support through parent-teacher association, training of teachers, providing basic facilities like playground, games kit, toilet etc., not much has been achieved. The study also shows that in quite a large proportion of schools, the School Management Committee (SMC) was not functional as per the RTE Act, 2009.

Similarly, these schools also suffered from weak supervision and other support services.

Likewise, in case of Mid Day Meal (MDM), though in sizeable proportion of schools, it was being implemented however in some smaller proportion of schools, it was still not being provided which was in contravention of the SSA guidelines.   

 

Monitoring & Evaluation of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) in 18 Districts of Uttar Pradesh (2013-15)

(S. K. Pant)

 

The whole exercise of monitoring and evaluation has been carried out on the basis of terms of reference (TOR) prepared by Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India and covers a total number of 40 schools (maximum) available in each of the district. Adequate care has been taken to include every type of school in the sample even if their presentation was quite small. The study covers 18 districts of Uttar Pradesh namely Azamgarh, Bhadohi, Chandauli, Deoria, Fatehpur, Ghazipur, Jaunpur, Kushinagar, Mau, Mirzapur, Sant Kabir Nagar, Maharajganj, Shrawasti, Siddharth Nagar, Sonebhadra, Sultanpur, Varanasi and Unnao respectively.

 

The study conducted with the objectives of (i) assessment and analysis of the implementation of the approved interventions and processes underlying these interventions at the habitation and school level keeping in view the objective to enhance access to secondary education and to improve quality while ensuring equity through various interventions under RMSA, (ii) verify process and procedures undertaken under RMSA and (iii) identification of the physical, socio-economic,, cultural, linguistic or other barriers such as governance accountability and administrative issues coming in the way of successful implementation of the schematic interventions and attainment of these goals.

 

Social Audit of Execution Activities under R&R in Villages Affected by Land Acquisition from MUNPL, Meja, Allahabad

 

(Bhaskar Majumder)

 

Study Area

 

Affected Village: Kohadar, Esauta, Patai Dandi, Maikhurd, Salaiya Kala and Salaiya Khurd, Neutral Village: Sirhir and Jora

 

Objectives of the study

 

The specific objectives of the study on 'social audit' will be the following:

v  To identify the gaps in proposed, and executed activities under R & R action plan;

v  To assess the physical and financial gaps between needs of Project Affected Families (PAFs) and resources provided to them under R&R activities;

v  To scrutinize the various activities and decisions keeping in view stakeholder interests and priorities, particularly of PAFs; and

v  To increase the efficacy and effectiveness of R&R activities under Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP) as per needs of target groups.

 

The study is expected to be completed by 31st March 2013.

 

Socio-Economic Survey of Bilhaur Super Thermal Power Project, Kanpur

 

(Bhaskar Majumder)

 

Study Area

 

Affected Village: Nadiha Khurd, Madrarai Guman, Uttari, Dondwa Jamauli Neutral Village: Ranepur 

 

Objectives of the study

 

The objectives of the study are to assess the number of project affected persons, the overall impact due to land acquisition and establishment of the power plant in the area encompassing the affected villages including the settled population of PAPs by land acquisition directly or indirectly. The objective of the study is to document base line conditions of Project Affected Families (PAFs) and assess the socio-economic impact due to land acquisition and project activities, enumerate the number of PAPs whose livelihood is likely to be affected and to what extent. The objective is also to analyze the impoverishment risk to find out the most vulnerable section/s of the society. The specific objectives of the study are:

 

v  To assess the demographic features of PAPs along with education level, occupation and employment status and get the prospective number of PAPs, based on land record and category as per NTPC R & R policy. Along with it, to assess the employment potentials of the project area;

v  To find out the income, consumption and indebtedness of the PAP's households settled in the affected region. Along with it, to assess the ownership of land holding and land use pattern and evaluate the extent of loss of land following setting up of the project;

v  To estimate the households' loss of production by acquired land and assess the extent of possession of immovable properties like houses, wells, ponds, trees of the affected households;

v  To identify the households who do not reside in the area but derive their income from land of affected villages, along with it, to identify the absentee landlords owning land in the area;

v  To take the rehabilitation option and analyze the option of choice for rehabilitation among affected households and analyze the economic and social situations of the affected households; and

v  To identify tribal or any other special communities/groups and identify occupiers, if any, residing on the forest land. 

 

Need Assessment Study Of Village Communities Residing In the Periphery of NTPC, Unchahar

 

(Bhaskar Majumder)

 

Study Area

 

83 Revenue Villages under 41 Gram Panchayats

 

Objectives of the study

 

To prepare a comprehensive target area profile. This will consist of the following

 

1.         To prepare a comprehensive target area profile. This will consist Demographic profile: total population, sex ratio, number of people in different age groups, like            infants, children, adults, old aged etc.

1.1       Infrastructure available

  1. Schools,
  2. Roads
  3. Health care facilities
  4. Water, sanitation facilities,
  5. Electricity,
  6. Community building,
  7. And others

1.2       Knowledge, attitude and practices analysis (KAP)

  1. Language and habits of communication
  2. Cultural characteristics: traditions, values, beliefs, etc.
  3. Knowledge, attitudes and behaviours with respect to the development problem to be dealt.

1.3       Education Status: Literacy, education, training and skills, and opportunities for all members of the society cutting across gender, age, caste and religion.

1.4       Health issues in the community: Life expectancy, maternal and infant mortality, quality of life, and the level of health care available in the situation of morbidity.

1.5       Major historical events in the area in terms of social movements and of social       upheaval and its long-term impact (if any) on the area.

1.6       Social problems (Crime, superstition, alcoholism, domestic violence, gender related discrimination, etc)

1.7       Occupation and employment (season wise): identify the particular context of each group: the season or the time of day when its members are available, the seasonal nature of their economic occupations, their physical setting.

1.8       Festivals and customs

1.9       Natural resources,

1.10    Existing development programmes and its impact

 

2.         To identify employment needs, scope of self employment – level of employment and agriculture development for higher economic growth and stability with predefined economic indicators, for example per capita income, expenditure, and saving etc.  to assess the impact in the future.

 

3.         To identify gender wise critical educational, health, and recreation needs with specific social indicators like literacy, education, training and skills, and opportunities for all members of the society cutting across gender, age, caste and religion to evaluate the impact in the future.

 

4.         To identify areas of interventions where CSR activities can bring gender equality

 

5.         To identify infrastructural needs of the target area and priorities them.

 

6.         To explore opportunity of networking/partnerships with Govt./Local bodies’ plans and intervention for spearheading overall development of the target area.  Specifically it will include the following:

  1. To take stock of the development plans prepared by any government agency for the area.
  2. To review the plans and the budgets available/likely to be provided under various central/state government schemes for development of the area.
  3. To identify the gaps between the plans of the government/local bodies and the specified indicators/goals.

 

‘Migration and Cultural Traditions of Bhojpuri Region: A Research and documentation project’ funded by The Sir Jamsetji Tata Trust (SJTT), Mumbai on 15.08.2013 for a period of three years.

 

(Badri Narayan)

 

The project studies and documents the cultural heritage of Bhojpuri speaking migrant labourers who left their native village sin Bihar and UP to work in different industrial and big cities like Surat, Delhi and Mumbai while leaving behind their cultural heritage and family members. While it is their economic need , which drives them out from their native lands, it is their culture that helps them to emotionally connect with their homeland. After a hard day’s grueling labour, when they get together in their slums and ghettoes and sing songs together, they are able to mitigate some of the pain at separating from their native villages and loved ones. For the people who are left behind in the homeland too, like the wives, children, parents and siblings, this cultural repertoire provides solace and helps them to surmount the pain and anguish at the going away of their loved ones. It also lends insight into the continuity and change that takes place in the two cultures of homeland and destination due to migration. This project aims to transcend the mere documentation of songs or memories but rather swathes a wide area that includes forging connectivity between the migrants and their homelands using culture as the medium, bringing the unknown poets and story tellers into the mainstream, supporting higher studies in culture and migration studies, and sensitizing the general public about the rich cultural repertoire of the Bhojpuri migrants by setting up exhibitions and archives, launching a website, publishing books, resource books and so on. The project will identify the ‘tangible heritage’ and will link it with ‘intangible heritage’.

 

‘Recovering Lost Histories: Nara Maveshi Movement among Dalits in Uttar Pradesh’ funded by the Indian Council of Historical Research on 15.1.2013 for a period of two years.

 

(Badri Narayan)

 

This project proposes to study and analyze the various aspects of the Nara Maveshi Movement (NMM) an uprising by the Chamars ¼shoemaker caste½ around the fifties to shed their caste based profession. It will trace and document the history of the NMM, in UP, ranging from the minor incidents of 1950 to the various sporadic incidents at different places between 1955 and 1985. Furthermore field studies would be undertaken and in the oral tradition, following the baat se baat techniques detailed interviews would be conducted with the NMM activists, exploring the collective dalit memory. This study shall be based on primarily the field survey of five villages namely Shahabpur, Bihra, Katka, Babusarai and Jugrajpur located in Allahabad and Bhadohi districts in east UP.

 

NMM was one of the precipitating factors of the dalit politics that emerged in the decade of the sixties. In fact the activists of the NMM later formed the foot-soldiers of the Bhaujan Samaj Party (BSP) and were instrumental in its emergence as a viable political force. The research would document the politicisation of dalits in the rural society during the process of such grassroots level social movement by establishing links between NMM and Dalit politics.

 

Sustainability, Livelihood and Freedom: The Development Challenges in the Stone-quarry sector in Uttar Pradesh.

 

(Sunit Singh)

 

The study is an attempt to address three basic issues which the mining sector in general and the stone quarry sector in particular is confronting at present in our country. Sustainability, livelihood and freedom are the triple development challenges that need to be addressed simultaneously at policy as well as practice level in the mining and quarrying sector. Rampant environmental degradation, prevalence of debt-bondage and absence of community based collective action for livelihood security are posing serious threats to the entire development process.  Consequent to the apex court orders the central and the state governments are struggling to regulate the mining and stone quarrying sector. However, the ongoing efforts are far from the comprehensive approach towards sustainability. The goal of environmental sustainability is strongly being challenged by the champions of labor rights.

 

The workers are not getting statutory minimum wages, devoid of social security benefits, surviving without safe shelter, their children not attending schools, little access to public health system and to formal banking systems. At present the workers on quarry sites are at the mercy of the contractors unable to access the human, legal or labor rights. They cannot be termed as the ‘citizens’ of India. These chronically impoverished and bonded quarry workers are seen as the victims as well as agents of environmental degradation. Unfortunately, the issues relating to the development of human and social capital have attracted less importance in the sustainability discourse in quarrying sector.

 

The study seeks to suggest a community-based participatory model to achieve sustainability equilibrium by balancing environmental sustainability with inclusiveness and freedom of laborers trapped under bondage conditions for generations. Further, it attempts to suggest a roadmap to move forward in the direction of sustainability with humane face.

 

The Freedom Plans: Collective Resistance to Situations of Un-freedom at Local Level

 

(Sunit Singh)

 

Moving forward along the freedom plans prepared by the SHGs of bonded laborers by themselves has been a unique initiative in the field of development planning and action research. It is based on community driven participatory approach. It is a multi dimensional and a long term outcome based process oriented initiative. It is an attempt to consolidate the multiple coping strategies to address the debt-bondage issue by the extremely poor and hunger prone families. These plans represent a paradigm shift in the risk management planning at local level. It provides insights to bridge the existing gaps in the food security system through a convergence approach. These plans are rolling plans based on progressive learning. These plans do not have any predictable or measurable indicators for assessing their progress instead they move forward through continuous participatory mapping and assessment of outcomes. It is quite close to the post-modernist perspectives of development planning (Maxwell 1995) and therefore provides new insights to the freedom and security debate in particular.

The Freedom Plans have five components.

 

(i)        the identification of multiple forms of existing vulnerabilities being faced by the marginalized stakeholders at the grassroots level, their interdependent and mutually reinforcing nature, and their role in creating chronic conditions of extreme poverty, hunger and debt-bondage. The identification is done collectively by the group members by themselves.

(ii)       the identification of the challenges that are responsible for the existing vulnerabilities. These challenges include all dimensions of livelihood security, a prerequisite for sustainable food security. While preparing the plans the participants acknowledge the importance of challenges being faced by all the members of the household. This helped making the plan comprehensive with due care to gender issues and the needs of young children and old age persons as well.

(iii)      the specific activities that had to be carried out by the members of the SHGs, individually and collectively. These activities are aimed with certain outcomes that will help reducing the vulnerabilities and bringing the household out of bondage situations by ensuring food security.

(iv)      the role of other stakeholders, termed as boundary actors. It focuses on actions that could bring intended changes in the behavior of those actors influencing the institutional environment directly or indirectly. The institutional environment has been classified into three levels – immediate, intermediate and distant. The boundary actors were identified at all three levels.

 

Lastly, the plan includes a last component to track the progress through continuous monitoring of outcomes in the direction of their empowerment. With the help of these tracking tools the SHG members themselves assess their progress towards freedom, livelihood and sustainability.

 

Other Backward Classes in Uttar Pradesh: Politics and Culture

 

(Satendra Kumar)

 

 

The struggle for Recognition and Redistribution of Dalits; A proposal for Documenting and Researching Madigas' Culture, Identity and Struggle in Andhra Pradesh

 

(Chandraiah Gopani)

 

The main aim of the project is to explore the culture, identity formation and struggle of Madigas' for SC (Schedule Caste) categorization and due share in opportunities and resources. Further it will trace out and analyze the historical root of Dandora or MRPS (Madiga Reservation Porata Samithi) struggle and its implications on Dalit movement and politics.